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Mathematics Courses

Mathematics Course Offerings

Algebra I

This first-year algebra course introduces students to the abstract nature of mathematics and stresses the importance of developing competence in basic algebra skills.


Prerequisites: Algebra I

Geometry is a traditional class in Euclidian geometry. Postulates about points, lines, and planes will develop inductive reasoning skills. The course covers all traditional geometry topics.

Algebra II (Regular and Honors)

Prerequisites: Algebra I and Geometry; enrollment in the Honor’s section requires honors grades in previous courses and teacher recommendation.

This second-year algebra course introduces exponential and logarithmic functions. An Honors section of the class also introduces students to right triangle trigonometry, the laws of sines and cosines, radian measure of angles and the graphs of the sine and cosine functions.

Algebra III/Trigonometry

Prerequisites: Algebra II or equivalent

Algebra III prepares students for introductory college math classes. Topics covered include problem solving and reasoning, numeration systems and number theory, graphing functions, trigonometry, probability, statistics and personal financial management. The course is designed for students whose mastery of concepts introduced to them in an Algebra II course is still developing.

Pre-Calculus (Regular and Honors)

Prerequisites: Algebra II; enrollment in the Honor’s section requires honors grades in previous courses and teacher recommendation.

Pre-calculus builds upon mathematical and analytical concepts introduced in Algebra II and prepares students for upper-level mathematics courses, both at the secondary and collegiate levels. Students study linear, quadratic, polynomial, rational, exponential and logarithmic functions, analytic geometry, triangle trigonometry and trigonometric functions, complex numbers, probability, and statistics. The Honor’s section of this course covers additional topics and prepares students for the Advanced Placement sections of Calculus and Statistics.

Calculus (Honors)

Prerequisites: Pre-calculus, honors grades in previous courses and teacher recommendation.

Calculus explores the concepts of derivative and integral calculus to give students a solid foundation upon which to build mathematical knowledge in future courses. Specifically, students study functions and different representations of functions (graphically, numerically, algebraically, etc.), limits, derivatives and differentiation, applications of derivatives, definite integrals, indefinite integrals, and applications of integrals. Students should have a strong foundation and demonstrated understanding of functions (polynomials, exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric) from a Pre-calculus course.


Prerequisites: Algebra II or equivalent.

Statistics’ students explore statistical concepts central to the analysis of data in many science and social science disciplines. Specifically, students explore data to describe patterns, departures from patterns, and associations between variables; plan and conduct experimental studies; investigate chance and random processes using probability and simulation; and learn how to objectively estimate population parameters and scientifically test hypotheses using statistical inference. Critical thinking, inferential reasoning, and communication – both oral and written – are emphasized over computation and algebraic manipulation. Use of technology – graphing calculators, spreadsheets and statistical analysis software – is prevalent throughout the course.

AP Calculus AB

Prerequisites: Pre-calculus, honors grades in previous courses and teacher recommendation.

These courses prepare students for the AP Calculus exam. The AP course covers topics in differential and integral calculus, including concepts and skills of limits, derivatives, definite integrals, and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. The course teaches students to approach calculus concepts and problems when they are represented graphically, numerically, analytically, and verbally, and to make connections amongst these representations. Students learn how to use technology to help solve problems, experiment, interpret results, and support conclusions.

Northwood Academic Programs